Alan Kurdi - the implications for understanding state actor complicity 3 - parallax 4


‘Human dignity shall be inviolable…These principles mean we will give asylum to those who are politically persecuted and we will give protection to those who flee war and expulsion according to the Geneva Refugee Convention.’

Chancellor Angela Merkel


‘The European nations that have turned the Mediterranean into a grave for immigrants share the sin for each immigrant’s death,’ and that ‘[i]t is not only immigrants who are drowning in the Mediterranean, it is also humanity’

President Erdogan of Turkey


‘Illegal push-backs or forced returns at EU borders represent a flagrant violation of fundamental human rights and refugee laws … This practice of unlawful and often brutal push-backs has now become a model for border protection along the EU’s outer limits as well as in neighbouring and transit states.’

The European Centre for Constitutional And Human Rights (ECCHR, 2017)



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